YouTube has a Content ID automated system, however they say that their accuracy can only be as good as the accuracy of what copyright holders submit to the system.
In 2015, Sebastian Tomczack, a musician on YouTube uploaded a 10hr soundtrack of “pure white noise”. Two and a half years later he received messages from YouTube saying he had five copyright claims. He took to Twitter with the following post:
There was a lot of engagement arguing about the grey area around this case, as:
Due to the system being automated, there was no proof needed from the people who made the copyright claims and it was stated the people filing the claims were seeking revenue generated from the video which ended up being dismissed after Sebastian was in contact with YouTube.