Internationalising Higher Education: Learning and Teaching
Arkoudis, S., Baik, C., Marginson, S. and Cassidy, E 2012, ‘Internationalising the student experience in Australian tertiary education : developing criteria and indicators,’ Centre for the Study of Higher Education, pp.1-30
Arkoudis et. Al (2010) discuss the internationalising of student experience for all students, with a main focus on international students. In Australian higher education there are a diverse range of cultures within schools/universities, which gives students the opportunities to interact and learn from peers of a different cultural background, making this article relevant to our week 3 lecture topic of ‘Internationalising higher education.’ A challenge faced within schools is how to manage this student diversity and promote collaboration between domestic and international students. The ‘Interaction for Learning Framework’ was designed by Arkoudis et. Al (2010) with the aim to promote this interaction. The framework consists of six dimensions:
Planning interaction. This involves the staff implementing peer interaction within their classes with a purpose of encouraging international and domestic student collaboration
Creating environments for interaction which involves providing the students a safe and comfortable environment to communicate with their peers, giving them opportunities to go out of their comfort zone and boost their confidence in doing so.
Supporting interaction. This dimension involves teaching the students the importance of interaction between themselves and their domestic/international peers, whilst setting expectations, to give them a better understanding of the value that comes from these tasks.
Engaging with subject knowledge which involves drawing on personal cultural experiences in engaging with subject knowledge.
Developing reflexive process which is about encouraging students to go beyond their own understanding and seek peer feedback and assess themselves to allow for self-reflection in their learning.
Fostering communities of learners. In this dimension students are able to move through different contexts and can use the diversity between international and domestic students for their own learning.
Gardner, M 2017, ‘Internationalising Australian Higher education,’ Australian Outlook date accessed 24th August 2018, https://www.internationalaffairs.org.au/australianoutlook/internationalising-australian-higher-education/
In this article, Gardner discusses the importance of internationalising higher education, whether that be bringing international students into the institution or sending students overseas on exchange to experience the culture of another country. It’s a relevant source as it relates to the lecture topic of week 3, making evident the importance of internationalising higher education. Gardner (2017) states ‘we understand its importance to the future of our universities and to our nation. Universities have sought ways to attract international students in order to both better their name and enrich the domestic students of the university. They also aim to provide as many of their Australian students with the enlightening international study abroad experience they should receive.
The article also goes into detail about how Australia came to the position it’s in; with its links to varying countries around the world and having established branch campuses in these countries. Having such strong internationalisation at Australian universities opens up opportunities for both the university and the students. ‘True excellence in university education and research cannot be realised without some depth of global engagement and understanding.’ (Gardner, 2017). International education is vital for successful universities and is supported through the argument by Gardner (2017) that it is Australia’s largest service export and its third largest export industry.’ This demonstrates the importance of continuing to push forward internationalisation. Australia can gain both economic and social benefits by using this to their advantage and focussing on ways to both attract international students and allow for Australian students to travel overseas.